UTF-8 String To Byte Array

function stringToBytes(s) {
  function toUTF8Array(str) {
    var utf8 = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
      var charcode = str.charCodeAt(i);
      if (charcode < 0x80) utf8.push(charcode);
      else if (charcode < 0x800) {
        utf8.push(0xc0 | (charcode >> 6), 0x80 | (charcode & 0x3f));
      } else if (charcode < 0xd800 || charcode >= 0xe000) {
        utf8.push(0xe0 | (charcode >> 12), 0x80 | ((charcode >> 6) & 0x3f), 0x80 | (charcode & 0x3f));
      }
      // surrogate pair
      else {
        i++;
        // UTF-16 encodes 0x10000-0x10FFFF by
        // subtracting 0x10000 and splitting the
        // 20 bits of 0x0-0xFFFFF into two halves
        charcode = 0x10000 + (((charcode & 0x3ff) < < 10) | (str.charCodeAt(i) & 0x3ff));
        utf8.push(0xf0 | (charcode >> 18), 0x80 | ((charcode >> 12) & 0x3f), 0x80 | ((charcode >> 6) & 0x3f), 0x80 | (charcode & 0x3f));
      }
    }
    return utf8;
  }
  return toUTF8Array(s);
}